The ‘degenerate art’ that Hitler despised

In early February, the Victoria and Albert Museum (V&A) in London is due to publish online the only surviving full copy of the Nazi list of “degenerate art”—the Modern art, particularly Expressionism, that Hitler despised. Produced by the Reich Ministry for Public Enlightenment and Propaganda in 1941-42, the Entartete Kunst list was split into two volumes, covering cities in alphabetical order from Aachen to Zwickau. The inventory identifies most of the buyers of the works and often includes prices. It also records—with an “X”—works that were simply destroyed. Up to 5,000 paintings, drawings and prints are believed to have been burnt in the courtyard of Berlin’s main fire station in 1939. M.B.