In the frame

A new book traces Chaplin’s tramp

Before Charlie Chaplin, that loveable tramp, co-founded the distribution company United Artists in 1919, before he starred as The Great Dictator (1940), before he even considered what it was like to live in Modern Times (1936), he made 36 short films for the Keystone Film Company in 1914. This spring, the publisher Editions Xavier Barral releases Charlie Chaplin: The Keystone Album, which includes 794 still images from 29 of the films Chaplin made for the company, in which he first developed his most well-known character—The Tramp. The facsimile book, which reproduces a 1915 version of the same album, also includes new essays by the scholars Carole Sandrin, Sam Stourdzé and Glenn Mitchell.