Collector Francesca Thyssen-Bornemisza invests in Madrid after leaving Vienna

Austrian patron donates work to Reina Sofia and commissions new piece by Ragnar Kjartansson to be shown at Museo Nacional Thyssen-Bornemisza

Since closing her exhibition space in Vienna, the Austrian collector and philanthropist Francesca Thyssen-Bornemisza has turned her focus to Madrid Left: Madrid cityscape (photo: Dmitry Dzhus); right: Francesca Thyssen-Bornemisza (photo: Irina Gavrich, 2014 © Francesca Thyssen-Bornemisza, 2013)

The Austrian collector and philanthropist Francesca Thyssen-Bornemisza, who closed her exhibition space in Vienna in 2017, has switched focus to Madrid. She recently donated a work by Turkish artist Kutlug Ataman—the video installation Küba (2004)—to the Reina Sofía museum and is helping to develop the contemporary art programme at the now state-run Museo Nacional Thyssen-Bornemisza.

The latter museum houses the collection of Francesca’s father, Hans Heinrich Thyssen-Bornemisza, which was bought by the Spanish government for around $350m in 1993 (he died in 2002). It spans eight centuries of European painting until the 1980s.

Celebrating a century

The Museo Nacional Thyssen-Bornemisza will present works by the Icelandic artist Ragnar Kjartansson from TBA21 (Thyssen-Bornemisza Art Contemporary), the contemporary art foundation Francesca Thyssen-Bornemisza set up in 2002. These include The Visitors (2012) and the TBA21 commissions Palace of the Summerland (2014) and World Light (2015).

A new work by Kjartansson and commissioned by TBA21, which will touch on issues such as freedom of expression and censorship, is also in the pipeline. "We would like him to consider a performance or new commission in dialogue with pre-war German Expressionist works from the collection,” says a spokeswoman.

The commission is part of a year-long series of celebrations planned for the museum in 2021, the 100th anniversary of Hans Heinrich’s birth. For the 2021 anniversary, the Lebanese artist Walid Raad will also present a “lecture-performance and installation based on works from the collection. He has been exploring and interviewing, and going through archives,” says Francesca Thyssen-Bornemisza. “I am not afraid of the commissioning process. It’s a way of getting to know the artists and engage with them fully.”

Francesca Thyssen-Bornemisza (left) speaking at this year's Arco Madrid fair with the collector Desiré Fueerle (centre) and art critic Gloria Moure (right)

Filling a contemporary gap

Last year, TBA21 signed a four-year agreement with the Museo Nacional Thyssen-Bornemisza to present a series of contemporary art exhibitions from the TBA21 collection, along with contemporary commissions. The aim is “to reinforce contemporary art and environmental values, and attract new audiences”, according to a statement.

The Kjartansson piece is the latest initiative; the inaugural commission Purple (until 25 March), a multichannel video installation by the UK artist John Akomfrah, was unveiled in early 2018; last year, Dominique Gonzalez-Foerster presented the holographic work Opera (QM.15) at the museum while Tomás Saraceno showed the installation How to entangle the universe in a spider web?

“I am not in a hurry to have a building with my name on it. The biggest mistake is to try and copy national museum models.” Francesca Thyssen-Bornemisza

The ongoing contemporary art programme at the Museo Nacional Thyssen-Bornemisza marks a notable turnaround from 2008, when a public row erupted between Francesca Thyssen-Bornemisza and her stepmother Carmen “Tita” Cervera, the widow and fifth wife of Hans Heinrich, over how the Spanish institution presents contemporary art.

“I am thinking about the future of my collection in relation to the Museo Nacional Thyssen-Bornemisza,” says Francesca Thyssen-Bornemisza. “It is really important to see whether it can make a valuable contribution to the museum.” During a talk at the Arco fair last week, she said: “I am not in a hurry to have a building with my name on it. The biggest mistake is to try and copy national museum models.”

Ecology on the mind

As part of the programme at the Museo Nacional Thyssen-Bornemisza, an exhibition dedicated to the New York-based artist Joan Jonas (Moving off the Land II, until 18 May) presents the artist’s perspective on the delicate ecology of oceans. Jonas also recently presented a performance piece at the Museo del Prado based on her findings.

Jonas’ ecological initiative was commissioned by TBA21-Academy, an offshoot of TBA21 that focuses on ecological and social issues; it has launched Ocean Space at the Chiesa di San Lorenzo in Venice, an “embassy for the oceans” centred on research and exhibitions.

During the performance in Madrid, Jonas highlighted the biodiversity of the seas through choreographed routines and spoken word excerpts, reeling off at one point the names of fish species under threat. Films of marine ecosystems were also interspersed with Jonas painting large-scale depictions of sea creatures.