In a moving letter, Van Gogh complains about quarantine after his forced removal from the Yellow House

New exhibition at Amsterdam's Van Gogh Museum is a unique opportunity to see Vincent’s correspondence, normally locked away in a vault

Vincent’s letter to Theo (last part), 19 March 1889 Courtesy of the Van Gogh Museum, Amsterdam (Vincent van Gogh Foundation) Letter 750

Vincent’s letter to Theo (last part), 19 March 1889 Courtesy of the Van Gogh Museum, Amsterdam (Vincent van Gogh Foundation) Letter 750

Adventures with Van Gogh

Adventures with Van Gogh is a weekly blog by Martin Bailey, our long-standing correspondent and expert on the artist. Published every Friday, his stories will range from newsy items about this most intriguing artist to scholarly pieces based on his own meticulous investigations and discoveries.

When Van Gogh was sent to hospital again in March 1889, a few weeks after mutilating his ear, he ran out of writing paper. The solution was to use the envelope from a letter he had just received, addressed to him in Arles by his brother Theo. Having reached the bottom of the envelope Vincent squeezed in his last words, ending with an enigmatic query: “It’s perhaps a sort of quarantine I’m being put through. What do I know?”

Van Gogh had effectively been quarantined by his neighbours. After slashing off most of his ear he was regarded, quite unfairly, as dangerous to others—and the police ordered him to be sent hospital. He was forced to leave his beloved home, the Yellow House. As Vincent complained to Theo: “Here I am, shut up for long days under lock and key and with warders in the isolation cell.” He insisted that he was “not like a madman but… the brother you know”.

Installation view of ‘Your Loving Vincent’: Van Gogh’s Greatest Letters, Van Gogh Museum Courtesy of the Van Gogh Museum, Amsterdam. Photo: Luuk Kramer

This unusual note is on display in ‘Your Loving Vincent’: Van Gogh’s Greatest Letters, which has just opened at Amsterdam’s Van Gogh Museum and runs until 10 January 2021. Featuring 40 of the artist’s most interesting letters, it includes some with little sketches, which are displayed alongside paintings such as The Potato Eaters (1885), The Bedroom (1888) and The Sower (1888).

Van Gogh’s letters are the most interesting of any artist in history. Of the 825 that survive, 789 are in the Van Gogh Museum. For conservation reasons they are very rarely exhibited, which makes the present display such an unusual opportunity. Letters range from the earliest one, written while Vincent was a trainee art dealer in The Hague in 1872, to his final one, penned four days before he shot himself in Auvers-sur-Oise in 1890.

Vincent’s letter to Theo, around 21 November 1888 Courtesy of the Van Gogh Museum, Amsterdam (Vincent van Gogh Foundation) Letter 722

Vincent van Gogh’s The Sower (1888) Courtesy of the Van Gogh Museum, Amsterdam (Vincent Van Gogh Foundation)

Although most of the artworks on show are from the Amsterdam museum’s own collection, two rarely seen paintings are coming from private collections. These paintings on show alongside related letter sketches are Landscape with Leaning Trees (1883) and Field with a Ploughman (1889), which sold sold for $81m at Christies in 2017.

Vincent’s letter to Theo, around 2 September 1889 Courtesy of the Van Gogh Museum, Amsterdam (Vincent van Gogh Foundation) Letter 798

Vincent van Gogh’s Field with a Ploughman (1889) Courtesy of a private collection

Two other letters, both recent acquisitions, are of special interest. Last June, the museum paid €210,600 for the only joint letter by Van Gogh and Gauguin, dating from 1-2 November 1888 and recounting plans to work in the brothels.

In May 2019, the Van Gogh Museum acquired the 9-10 February 1890 letter to the critic Albert Aurier, who wrote the first detailed review of the artist’s work. It was purchased for the museum for €107,900 by the Hong Kong-based international property developer Cheung Chung-kiu and his wife Cecilia. The couple are also credited as the lead supporters of the current exhibition ‘Your Loving Vincent’: Van Gogh’s Greatest Letters.

With coronavirus restrictions, the Van Gogh Museum currently only has the capacity for up to around 1,650 visitors a day, less than a quarter of the usual autumn number. Tickets need to be booked in advance, online.

Although there is no catalogue for the show, which is curated by Nienke Bakker, it coincides with the publication of Vincent van Gogh: a Life in Letters, an anthology of 76 of the finest letters, published by Thames & Hudson. The full letters, with detailed annotations, are also available on an excellent dedicated website.

Martin Bailey is a leading Van Gogh specialist and investigative reporter for The Art Newspaper. Bailey has curated Van Gogh exhibitions at the Barbican Art Gallery and Compton Verney/National Gallery of Scotland. He was a co-curator of Tate Britain’s The EY Exhibition: Van Gogh and Britain (27 March-11 August 2019). He has written a number of bestselling books, including The Sunflowers Are Mine: The Story of Van Gogh's Masterpiece (Frances Lincoln 2013, available in the UK and US), Studio of the South: Van Gogh in Provence (Frances Lincoln 2016, available in the UK and US) and Starry Night: Van Gogh at the Asylum (White Lion Publishing 2018, available in the UK and US). His latest book is Living with Vincent van Gogh: The Homes & Landscapes that Shaped the Artist (White Lion Publishing 2019, available in the UK and US).

• To contact Martin Bailey, please email:

Read more from Martin's Adventures with Van Gogh blog here.