Nazi Germany

Feature
coronavirus

Significant art emerged from traumas of the past—will the pandemic prove different?

As the coronavirus crisis stretches on, we look at how artists have captured confinement in recent history and what is being done now

Blog
Adventures with Van Gogh

Executed by the Nazis: the story of Vincent van Gogh’s brave great-nephew

This month the Van Gogh family pays tribute to Theodoor, the 24-year-old student who faced a firing squad in 1945

News
Auctions

First live auction in Germany after lockdown features painting bought for Hitler

Neumeister in Munich will today host a live auction for a maximum audience of 20

News
Public art

Carousel in Frankfurt to recall the Kindertransport that saved thousands of children from the Nazis

Yael Bartana's public sculpture commemorates those who were shipped out before the Second World War

News
Acquisitions

Hitler in Hell: German Historical Museum acquires George Grosz painting

Painted while Grosz was living in exile, the work has remained in the family since 1944

News
Restitution

Three Nazi-looted works bought by Gurlitt return to Jewish collector’s heirs

Two paintings by Jean-Louis Forain were discovered in Cornelius Gurlitt’s trove; the third work, by Constantin Guys, was restituted by another family member

News
Restitution

Berlin restitutes painting to heirs of 'degenerate' artist for the first time

A portrayal of Lot by Hans Baldung Grien was sold to the Gemäldegalerie in 1937 by Hans Purrmann

News
Restitution

How a Nazi-looted painting entered an Israeli museum

Tel Aviv Museum of Art reveals surprising provenance of 19th-century work by Jozef Israëls, which will be restituted to Jewish owner’s heirs in October

News
Collectors

Collector Egidio Marzona buys eastern German castle to host design academy

The property was once home to Paul Schultze-Naumburg, a leading proponent of Nazi cultural policy

News
Restitution

Bern museum sells $4m Manet painting from Gurlitt art hoard

National Museum of Western Art in Tokyo agrees to buy the painting, Ships at Sea in Stormy Weather

News
Provenance research

'An invaluable resource' for provenance research: German pre-1945 auction catalogues are published online

The database includes 9,000 catalogues from more than 390 auction houses in Germany, Austria and Switzerland

Blog
Adventures with Van Gogh

Van Gogh and Germany: Frankfurt mounts best show on the artist in recent years

Städel Museum tells the story of Germany's love affair with the painter, which ended in tragedy with Hitler’s rise to power

News
Controversies

Nazi design exhibition at Dutch museum braces for protests

The show called Design of the Third Reich features the Volkswagen Beetle and Riefenstahl’s films

Archive
Exhibitions

Germany’s Nazi past is evoked in Anselm Kiefer’s first retrospective in the UK

Dealing with the traumatic experience of growing up in a nation rising from the ruins of the Third Reich has been an important theme in the artist's work

Archive
Anselm Kiefer

Book Review: A largely visual tour of Anselm Kiefer’s enormous studios and working methods

More than 300 illustrations explain how the German artist’s studio spaces have played a fundamental role in shaping his vision, work and philosophy

Archive
Joseph Beuys

The scholarly battle over Beuys

Let’s admit it: without the artist to explain and animate his work, much of it is incomprehensible

Archive
Liechtenstein

Lichtenstein's is the greatest royal collection after Britain’s—and is still growing

Prince Hans-Adam II may be spending more than any other in the world

Archive
Books

Books: How America took on the propaganda war in occupied Germany

A study of US arts policy and the ideology of denazification in post-war Germany

Archive
Provenance research

Dresden takes major provenance research project to Russia

Strives to break restitution “logjam”

Archive
Second World War

Israel builds first monument to LGBTQ holocaust victims

Work is expected to start next month

Archive
Provenance research

Dresden to spend €15m and employ 65 researchers on biggest provenance study ever undertaken

1 million objects will be examined and recorded over 10 years

Archive
Books

Books: Anselm Kiefer's engagement with the poetry of Paul Celan

“I myself would like to be a poet”

Archive
Looted art

The German museum paintings secretly sold by the British government in 1946

Nearly 80 pictures, including works by Cranach and Kauffmann, were seized from the German embassy in London

Archive
Restitution

Germans call for return of paintings in the National Maritime Museum seized by British troops

The London museum has turned down two previous requests for restitution

Archive
Looted art

The US Army’s hidden collection of Nazi art

Around 450 paintings made by artists working for the Third Reich are now in Washington, DC. They are unlikely to be returned to Germany

Archive
Looted art

Revealed: six paintings in Maritime Museum were seized by British troops from Nazi Germany

Last month we reported that a Nazi picture in the London gallery was taken by British soldiers at the end of World War II. We have now discovered that other works of art were also removed

Archive
News

Growing evidence that Göring seized National Gallery’s Cranach from its pre-war owner

We uncover the remarkable story of how a US war reporter governed Hitler’s mountain retreat for a day and took control of Reichsmarschall Göring’s collection of stolen art

Archive
Restitution

Auschwitz survivor wants her art back from concentration camp

Roma portraits were made by Jewish prisoner on the orders of Dr Josef Mengele

Archive
Looted art

Revealed: National Gallery’s Cranach is war loot

The painting was taken from Germany at the end of World War II

Archive
Pablo Picasso

Nazi Loot Picasso case can proceed in California

Marilynn Alsdorf had hoped the case would be thrown out of court

Archive
Exhibitions

Pompidou exhibits Otto Dix's inter-war drawings

German realism takes over Paris

Archive
Exhibitions

Posters of the Spanish Civil War at the Wolfsonian

The Art Deco war comes to Florida International University

Archive
Nazi Germany

Solid gold, fake Celtic cauldron found in lake

If deemed a Nazi object, it belongs to the Bavarian State

Archive
Restitution

British Museum Old Master drawings subject to restitution claim

Four drawings are being claimed by the heir of a Nazism victim

Archive
Books

Books: Latest assessment of Anselm Kiefer proves to be a book without a spine

An uncritical, adoring treatment of the artist has not served him well

Archive
Looted art

Hector Feliciano seeks $6.8 million from Rosenberg heirs for finding Nazi loot

The complaint demands a 17.5% finders fee for aiding the recovery of stolen artworks

Archive
Restitution

Japan returns looted Paul Klee watercolour

A Kyoto museum has accepted “symbolic” payment for restituting a work of art

Archive
Provenance research

“The Jewish people should be heirs to heirless art” says Knesset member, as plans are made to return Nazi-loot to rightful owners

Christie’s and Sotheby’s to help with provenance research projects

Archive
Restitution

Knoedler and Seattle Art Museum settle over Matisse lawsuit

In 1954 Knoedler sold picture stolen from Paul Rosenberg by Nazis

Archive
Looting

In an attempt to find works of art that may have been stolen by the Nazis ten British museums have named 350 works of art whose history between 1933 and 1945 is uncertain

British provenance probes

Archive
Looting

The World Jewish Congress has made accusations about the provenance of works in US permanent collections

Museums race to list questionable paintings

Archive
Books

Book Review: How we almost lost the Mona Lisa

The Spanish involvement with Nazi-looted art and the part played by the Austrian resistance in saving works of art are among the revelations in this book

Archive
Looting

Restitution battles rage from Seattle to Paris to Budapest to New Zealand

Matisse Odalisque restored to the Rosenberg family

Archive
Looting

Mahler-Werfel restitution case revived, and put on hold

The council on looted art has postponed its decision on whether to return five paintings in the Oesterreiches Galerie to the granddaughter of Alma Mahler-Werfel

Archive
Looting

New York Court of Appeals rules that Schiele paintings must be returned to Leopold Foundation

The paintings are claimed to have been stolen from their rightful owners during the Nazi annexation of Austria

Archive
Kazimir Malevich

MoMA reached settlement agreement with Malevich heirs

The works in question were smuggled out of Germany during the Nazi regime for safe-keeping

Archive
Looting

Russia rules on restitution: “Art taken from occupied Germany belongs to Russia”

Constitutional court decides in favour of nationalists’ bill

Archive
Looting

Growing unease over looted Lubomirski Dürers

A sheet of paper found in a second-hand book by The Art Newspaper details valuations of the drawings when sold by Colnaghi

Archive
Looted art

The National Gallery investigates wartime provenance of 120 paintings

The London gallery aims to ensure that they are not war loot and appeals for assistance in checking their recent histories

Archive
Pablo Picasso

War-torn Picasso

At the liberation of Paris, Picasso declared, “I am not the kind of painter who goes out like a photographer for something to depict. But I have no doubt that the war is in these paintings.” This exhibition sifts the evidence

Archive
Nazi loot

War loot found in a rug dealer’s shop in Boston

Veteran’s reluctant admission of taking plunder clinches case

Archive
Exhibitions

Breughel-Breughel exhibition marred as family battles over gallery established with funds of Nazi Alfried Krupp

The Krupps go to war again

Archive
War & Conflict

Dresden recovers four missing pictures

The paintings have been missing since 1945

Archive
Books

Books: The “Spoils of War” 1995 conference papers

A survey touching all the bases, including losses, recoveries, legal debates, and cultural restitution

Archive
Archives

Revealed: what happened to the “degenerate” art in Germany’s museums, from G to Z

A 1941 typescript has been discovered that fills in the missing history of 16,588 works of art seized by the Nazis

Archive
Obituaries

Death of Hugo Buchthal, one of the last original Warburgians

He died aged 87

Archive
News

Ukraine returns war booty to Germany

This is in marked contrast to Russia’s tough line against any restitution of works of art taken from Nazi Germany

Archive
News

Texas war booty charge thrown out of court

Technicality spares the sellers of the Quedlinburg treasure

Archive
News

War loot funded Quedlinburg GI’s double lifestyle

Former acquaintances in Dallas’s gay scene report war booty on show in his apartment

Archive
Books

Books: Stalin’s supermuseum

As the Red Army pushed back the Nazi invaders in 1944, a pair of Soviet art historians compiled a list of masterpieces from Europe’s museums to be brought back to Moscow

Archive
Books

Books: Spiegelman's comics come to MoMA

Maus, the highly successful re-telling of the Holocaust, uses mice, cats and pigs as the protagonists

Archive
Kazimir Malevich

Correcting Malévich’s own disinformation

Conference papers of the 1988-89 touring exhibition are scutinised

Archive
Kazimir Malevich

True claim to Malevich works still to be determined, but Popov eager to strike a deal involving Koening Collection

The Amsterdam Old Master drawings may be swapped for others owned by the van Beuningen Museum in Russia

Archive
Looting

The library of the Sabatinis

After decades of pretending to know nothing about it, Mainz University library reluctantly returns Nazi loot of precious books

Archive
Second World War

Polish museums to sell military equipment preserved in bogs

They have already dug out several dozen armoured cars, field-guns, transporters and other vehicles

Archive
'Degenerate' art

Nazi 'degenerate art' show to be reconstructed in LA

An irony that the American art world will enjoy after the Mapplethorpe censorship row: the N.E.A. is sponsoring a partial replay of the Nazi “Entartete Kunst” exhibition of 1937