Monuments and their histories

September 1999

A wound still festering at the heart of Germany

Parliament has finally voted to build Berlin's memorial to the Holocaust

March 2008

Why the US military's proposal to dispose of Saddam Hussein’s Victory Monument is misguided

They represent good and bad aspects of Iraq’s modern history and cannot simply be obliterated

December 1990

Penalties for defacing monuments to Communism are being debated in the Soviet parliament

Are these acts a citizens’ protest against the situation in which the country now finds itself, or are they merely vandalism?

May 1993

What to do with your Socialist-Realist art

Budapest is creating a sculpture park for more than 45 works depicting Lenin, Marx and others

May 2015

Drowned, beheaded and restored: Napoleon statue returns to museum after 282 days in exile

Conservation treatment may resolve conflicting accounts of monument's history

October 2014

Lenin’s head to come in from the Berlin cold

The statue stood in Lenin Square until 1990, when it was cut into 129 pieces and buried in the woods


City of London to remove statues of politicians with slavery links

The decision to take down historic William Beckford and John Cass sculptures could go against new UK government policy

Diary of an art historian

'When the politics change, so must the statues'

History can teach us a lot about how to—and how not to—deal with problematic historic monuments

March 2015

Turkish president appeals ruling that he must pay damages to artist

Mehmet Aksoy's Monument to Humanity was razed by local council after Recep Tayyip Erdogan called it a "monstrosity"

November 2013

Tate finds 370-year-old bullet hole in Charles I statue

The sculpture was famously attacked by Parliamentarians shortly after the outbreak of the English Civil War

December 2012

Eisenhower's heirs attack Gehry’s plans for memorial to the late US president

The family is objecting to the "extravagant" scheme

March 2012

Memorials to Norway massacre victims prove divisive

Artist Nico Widerberg’s sculptures welcomed by many, but the way an anonymous donor is funding them upsets others

March 2008

Two new Holocaust memorials for Berlin

Parliament approves final budgets for monuments to homosexuals and Roma and Sinti people murdered by the Nazis

May 2007

Selection of Chinese sculptor to create Martin Luther King memorial angers black artists

More than 4,000 people have signed a petition to appoint an African American architect and artist for the monument

June 2004

18th-century statue of St James removed from the cathedral of Santiago de Compostela

Officials feared the sculpture, which depicts the national saint slaying a Moor, would offend Muslims

May 2004

The US finally unveils its Second World War memorial

It has taken almost 60 years to commemorate the 400,000 American soldiers who died in the conflict

February 2003

Memorials multiply in the US

We take stock of the mania for commemoration that has overtaken New York and Washington, DC

July 2000

Somebody loves Lenin in Finland

Public outcry scuppered Helsinki officials' plan to buy granite bust of the Communist leader

May 1999

Richard Meier to obliterate Mussolini’s mark

The US architect's new building for ancient Roman monument to replace one commissioned by the Fascist dictator in the 1930s

December 1998

Action urgently needed to save Brancusi’s Endless Column

The most important outdoor sculpture of this century has been ravaged by rust, pollution, politics and conservation debates

November 1997

Italy will return Axum obelisk to Ethiopia

The act is part of a considerable effort to erase Mussolini’s mark on the nation

February 1992

“We buy figureheads, busts, portraits, banners—at high prices”

Moscow author amasses a collection of depictions of Lenin and Stalin before they are destroyed

March 1991

How Saddam Hussein's ideology was enshrined in his art commissions

New book "The Monument" explains why greater attention to the Iraqi director’s iconography might have illuminated Western politicians as to his ambitions