Dispatches from the archive: Funding Matters

For 30 years, The Art Newspaper has investigated the art world, analysed industry trends and has spoken with leading decision-makers. As we prepare for our anniversary in October, we have delved into our archives to bring you insights that continue to be relevant. Our "Funding Matters" collection looks at how arts and culture have been funded over the past three decades. With arts groups particularly at risk in the fallout of the global coronavirus, following months of closures, and substantial loss of revenue and fundraising channels, the question of who should support the arts and why is more important than ever.

Archive
October 1994

The mechanics of sponsorship: an interview with one of the UK's biggest exhibition sponsors

James Joll of the international media giant Pearson plc explains the who, what, why and quid pro quo of corporate involvement in the arts

Archive
October 1994

The smoking dilemma: will Philip Morris's art support outlive its critics?

The tobacco giant remains one of the most important private funders of the arts in the US

Archive
February 2015

Comment: The Tate should take BP’s money—and ask for more

Protests about the gallery’s lack of transparency concerning the energy company's sponsorship miss the point of how big business and the arts interact

Archive
March 2003

The Dulwich Picture Gallery organises sponsored walk to meet £100,000 shortfall in annual budget

Museum director will don Clarks shoes and fill his pockets with Kendal Mint cakes for the 150-mile trek

Archive
May 2007

Seattle Art Museum gets $1bn worth of art from 'incredibly devoted group of collectors'

The gift from 53 local patrons is one of the largest in the history of institutional donations

Archive
February 2010

French institutions have lost their integrity by relying on private sponsors, leading fundraiser says

Longtime arts and heritage patron Olivier de Rohan denounces the increasing influence of external bodies on museums' creative decisions

Archive
November 2011

Vanity, vanity: the problems facing China’s private museums

Spaces bloom and then wither as founders’ commitment quickly fades

Archive
June 1996

German art heavyweights including Hans Haacke and Rosemarie Trockel sign document rejecting corporate sponsorship

If the State relinquishes its responsibility for funding culture, art will be restricted by private patronage, the letter argues

Archive
May 2013

Starry night for Tate in New York: celebrity friends help museum fundraise in style

Sarah Jessica Parker and the mysterious Tate Americas Foundation raise money for Latin American acquisitions

Archive
April 2012

Pompidou at war with its US donors

The president of the Paris museum and chairman of its American fundraisers go head to head over expense of India show and how it raises cash in the US

Archive
December 2011

UK Treasury rules to stop museums spending donors' cash

National institutions reluctantly set up trusts to gain access to their own reserves

Archive
January 2011

Is the symbiosis between corporations and the arts an outmoded tradition?

Investment in art has become less popular among US companies when more commercial options are available

Archive
January 2011

US art sponsorship suffering after economic crisis, survey shows

Corporate giving down 14% over three years according to Business Committee for the Arts

Archive
May 2009

Chicago's industrialist benefactors built the city’s art collections—but can today’s patrons maintain them?

So far the next generation have yet to replicate their parents’ efforts on the same scale

Archive
January 2009

UK museums manage dearth of exhibition sponsorship in the wake of economic downturn

Institutions must grit their teeth and hope for the intervention of private investors, as several large shows are going ahead without corporate sponsors

Archive
February 2008

Comment: The problem with privately-funded museums

There is a danger that the conservatism of the museum sector will be challenged by a new generation of board members who feel that “rules are for other people”

Archive
February 2007

Albright-Knox sells the old to pay for the new

Sotheby's is auctioning 200 antiquities and pre-Modern works worth $15m from the US museum's collection to raise funds to purchase Modern and contemporary art

Archive
May 2006

As US museums face mounting legal issues, an annual conference explores what to do with whistleblowers and dodgy donors

Recent corporate scandals have raised concerns that American charities should be examining their ethics policies

Archive
February 2006

Comment: New US museums pit donors against the public

An increasing number of museums are being built as speculative investments designed to attract incompatible currencies—collections and crowds

Archive
February 2006

Louvre gets a taste of US sponsorship as Atlanta's High Museum pays $10m to borrow works by Raphael, Rembrandt and Velázquez

The money will restore the French museum's 18th-century decorative art galleries and the collaboration seeks to improve US-French relations in the wake of the Iraq War

Archive
December 2005

Contemporary philanthropy: Conversations with Eli Broad, Patricia Phelps de Cisneros, Howard Rachofsky and David Rockefeller

Leading philanthropist-collectors gathered in Miami Beach to discuss their personal philosophies

Archive
November 2005

Siberian billionaire funds $3m Hermitage exhibition tour

Industrialist Oleg Deripaska has become the Russian museum’s most generous private donor—even if his support is part of a public relations initiative

Archive
July 2005

Future of US museum sponsorship in question after split of tobacco giant Altria

The Whitney and the Brooklyn Museum could lose annual grants from the conglomerate, which gave $300m to charitable organisations over the past five years

Archive
March 2004

Are the culture wars over? White House proposes $18m increase to federal arts funding

The boost, which will send "American masterpieces" across the US, comes more than a decade after Congress threatened to abolish the NEA for financing "objectionable" works

Archive
July 2003

Fiat ends sponsorship of exhibitions at Palazzo Grassi

After 17 years and 15 shows, the Italian car manufacturer has withdrawn funding from major kunsthalle in Venice

Archive
September 2000

Negotiating a united front: Berlin's culture minister Christoph Stölzl takes on funding culture in the capital

It risked bankruptcy to become the capital, and a deal with the federal government gives Berlin DM100m a year—providing that plum institutions come under national control

Archive
September 2000

How top British museums woo US donors

The Royal Academy, Tate, British Museum and National Gallery are all raising money successfully in the States, where 600,000 households report income exceeding $5m

Archive
February 2000

In their need to raise sponsorship, are US museums risking the loss of their intellectual freedom?

We look beyond the Brooklyn Museum's Sensation exhibition into a troubling trend emerging across the sector

Archive
April 1999

No UK country has poured as much money as England into art commissions since 1995

The £50m art bonanza has funded everything from Gormley's Angel of the North to a 48km sculpture trail

Archive
November 1996

Germany leads the way as Europe sees increased sponsorship of the arts

Record giving approached £1bn across the continent

Archive
May 1996

Where does charity stop and commerce begin at US museums?

A legal review of the regulations governing non-profit institutions

Archive
December 1994

Tate Gallery annual report for 1992-94: great progress on small funds

The study shows an increasing and successful reliance on non-government support in this time of limited funding and frozen resources

Archive
October 1994

Luis Monreal, director of La Caixa, has a national-sized budget to spend

The Spanish savings bank, had an operating budget of $67.64 million in 1993, of which $11.87 million was spent on visual arts projects

Archive
October 1994

The end of the Grands Projets

France's culture budget will see a 2.5% drop in real terms next year

Archive
October 1994

Corporations favour political correctness

Arts sponsorship is increasingly associated with marketing concerns rather than disinterested corporate philanthropy

Archive
October 1994

Has the recession spelled the end of arts sponsorships by French companies, or just wiser spending?

Admical offers a number of explanations as to why figures have declined

Archive
April 1994

Dutch government cuts Mondrian Foundation's sponsorship budget

Holland will not be participating in the Biennales of Sidney and São Paolo as a result

Archive
January 1994

French Culture Minister proposes amendment to art sponsorship policy in attempt to attract investors

France looks to Britain for models to increase private funding for the arts

Archive
January 1993

New Czech tax law to encourage private sponsorship for the arts

Tax will now be deductible for donations, but will a 2% relief be enough to make funding art worthwhile?

Archive
December 1990

Time for a whip-round: Indiana Jones’s bull whip on sale to raise funds for Institute of Archaeology's new centre

The prop is is one of the star lots in Christie’s South Kensington's Film and Entertainment sale